Lepidus fled to Sardinia. This usually happened when a town could no longer endure a siege. Lepidus was probably sitting next to Caesar at the time. https://cof.quantumfuturegroup.org/events/5663. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. During his governorship of Africa he promoted the distribution of land to veterans, possibly in order to build up a network of clients. 116–17; “The Defeat of Lepidus in 36 B.C.”, Acta Classica 17, 1974, pp. OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus are gathered with a checklist of the men they plan to murder for conspiracy. Lepidus was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. Lepidus had mobilised support in a large part of Italy and sent Marcus Junius Brutus to hold Gallia Cisalpina with an army. When Antony attempted to take control of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) by force and displace Decimus Brutus, the Senate led by Cicero called on Lepidus to support Brutus – one of Caesar’s killers.  In 77 BC, when he was recalled from his proconsulship of Gaul, he returned to Rome at the head of an army and an armed conflict erupted. Lepidus was to become Consul and was confirmed as Pontifex Maximus. Caesar and the Senate were sufficiently impressed by Lepdius’s judicial mixture of negotiation and surgical military action that they granted him a Triumph. He also had men who had taken part in Lepidus' rebellion and had fled to Sertorius in Hispania recalled. , For other people named Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, see, Brennan, T.C., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, p. 507, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 35.12; 36.49,109, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 35, St. Jerome Hieronymus, Chronological Tables, 1940, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42, Asconius, Five detailed descriptions of speeches of Cicero, 19, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marcus_Aemilius_Lepidus_(consul_78_BC)&oldid=979928681, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / ÑÑÐ¿ÑÐºÐ¾Ñ ÑÐ²Ð°ÑÑÐºÐ¸, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. I do consent,— OCTAVIUS. Antony considers him "a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands." Lepidus successfully negotiated an agreement with Sextus that maintained the peace. There was a battle with Catulus near Campus Martius. , It can be noted that this conflict was fought the year after the consulship of Lepidus and Catulus (the consuls were elected annually). This was probably in 81 BC. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. Quantum Future Group Inc. Lepidus had in fact already reached the peak of his power. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. The Chronicle of the Fall of the Roman Empire (Weigel, Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir, p. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. One day, Antony, Octavius and Lepidus are sitting around talking about who they should kill in response to Caesar's death. However, this was to lead to an ill-judged political move that gave Octavian the excuse he needed to remove Lepidus from power. Legal Notice Then he sent another letter âdenouncing the man after he had been put to death.â Meanwhile Lepidus went to Rome to demand a second consulship, âterrifying the citizens with a vast throng of followers.â However, at that moment Pompeyâs letter which announced that he had brought the war to an end arrived. Match. the Ultimate Decree) which called on the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulus to take necessary measures to preserve public safety. He is present at Caesar’s death, and flees from it. Neither writers mentioned any battles near Rome. He was praetor in 49, governor He was recalled from his proconsular command. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. Lepidus negotiated an agreement with him, while claiming to the Senate that he had no choice. LEPIDUS I do consent--OCTAVIUS Prick him down, Antony. He died peacefully in late 13 BC or early 12 BC. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus form a political alliance and take of the rule of Rome as a triumvirate after Caesar's death. Lepidus exits. 59–65. Take the quiz to go over things like the role of Lepidus in the play and where he goes once Caesar is killed. 40.). , Lepidus was the first governor of Sicily under Sullaâs regime. Catulus, who had recruited an army at Rome, now took on Lepidus directly defeating him in a battle north of Rome. Spell. After negotiation, he suggested an alternative: Octavian could have Sicily and Africa, if he agreed to give Lepidus back his old territories in Spain and Gaul, which should legally have been his according to the Lex Titia. Lepidus appears to have been genuinely shocked when Antony provocatively offered Caesar a crown at the Lupercalia festival, an act that helped to precipitate the conspiracy to kill Caesar. With the triumvirs in possession of overwhelming numerical superiority, Decimus Brutus’ remaining forces melted away, leaving the triumvirs in complete control of the western provinces. After the pacification of the east and the defeat of the assassins’ faction in the Battle of Philippi, during which he remained in Rome, Antony and Octavian took over most of Lepidus’ territories, but granted him rights in the provinces of Numidia and Africa.  Pliny the Elder thought that he had the most beautiful house in Rome, with marble thresholds and shields with the battle scenes of Troy. According to Plutarch, this was with the support of Pompey, who canvassed for him against the wishes of Sulla, who did not trust Lepidus. They pers… Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. He enriched himself during Sulla's proscriptions. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Lepidus became one of the triumvirs partly because he had a large number of soldiers under his command and also because Antony needed him. Gravity. Appian was also referring to this when he wrote that Lepidus, wanted to restore the land which Sulla had taken from the Italians to gain their favour. Lepidus departs, and Antony asks Octavius if Lepidus is a worthy enough man to rule Rome with him and Octavius. Lepidus refused to support Cassius, who had created opposition to Caesar’s regime by his corruption and avarice.  With regard to the land, before retiring from political life in 79 BC, Sulla confiscated land from the locals in Campania and Etruria to grant allotments to his veterans who then established a colony (a Roman settlement outside Roman territory). Gravity. There is no mention of Pompey. He was the father of the triumvir Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and of one of the consuls for 50 BC Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus.  This brought him into conflict with the optimates whom Sulla had put back in power. (in short "QFG") under the supervision of senior executive editor The project's main effort is to survey ancient and modern texts and to extract excerpts describing various relevant events for analysis and mapping. Lepidus was rewarded with the position of Proconsul in the Spanish province of Hispania Citerior. He sided with the aristocracy and was appointed as a commander of an army to confront Lepidus. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters. Octavius has interacted with Lepidus as if he will have an equal share of power with them In what way is Antony's behavior toward Lepidus similar to his manipulation of the crowd at Caesar's funeral? There is no mention of any participation in the conflict by Decimus Junius Brutus and Mamercus Aemilius Lepidus Livianus, the consuls of that year (77BC), who also had military command. —Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister’s son, Mark Antony. Created by. We do not have any information about what he did when he was there. In his usual slanderous way, he also privately suggested that Lepidus’ wife Junia was unfaithful to him. Meanwhile, Pompey had penned up Marcus Junius Brutus, one of Lepidus's commanders, in Mutina. ANTONY. He served to balance the power of Antony and young Octavius Caesar, because he was a threat to neither Octavius nor Antony. Cassius and his supporters were allowed to leave and order was restored. Licinianus wrote that after the inhabitants of Faesulae attacked the veterans in the colony and reclaimed their land (see section above), "[t]he consuls were assigned an army and set off for Etruria, as the senate instructed." Stable URL: Léonie Hayne says that he acted “skillfully and consistently in support of Antony and (indirectly) of the Caesarian faction”. Lucius, with superior forces, easily took the city. After killing many of the veterans and reclaiming their land, they defended their actions before the senate on the grounds that the rural population had been forced to do this after being driven from their homes. Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius.  Cicero wrote that he had not committed fraud in regard to the grain supply. However, this was brought to an end by Triarius, the governor of Sardinia, who fought Lepidus in several battles, defended his province effectively and cut off the towns. Spending the rest of his life in obscurity, Lepidus was apparently allowed to return to Rome periodically to participate in some senate business. After the death of Lucius Cornelius Sulla, he attempted to undermine the Sullan constitution and revive the populares faction. After the defeat of Antony in 30 BC, Lepidus’ son Lepidus the Younger was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Octavian, but the plot was discovered by Gaius Maecenas. He was prevented from entering Rome, so he prepared his army for battle. Weigel argues that these views are coloured by evidence that was in large part politically motivated, and that Lepidus’s career was no more perfidious or inconsistent than that of the other major players in the power struggles at the time. In Antony and Cleopatra he is portrayed as extremely gullible, asking Antony silly questions about Egypt while very drunk. Lepidus was the son of Marcus Aemilius Lepidus; his mother may have been a daughter of Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. Prick him down, Antony. Their works, too, have survived only in fragments. He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (15) What are Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing at the opening of the scene? For a while he managed to distance himself from the frequent quarrels between his colleagues Antony and Octavian. He captured Norba, in Latium, which had sided with Sulla's enemies, the Marians. Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar. focuses on a chronological and categorized collection of various environmental and social events that accompanied the Fall of the Roman Empire. When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. He also wrote: "Lepidus ...[missing text]... into the mountains ...[missing text]... led back his army." When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. .  When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. However, a few sentences later he wrote that it was his army which switched sides. Messala is a minor character in William Shakespeare's 'Julius Caesar', but he is a loyal friend to Brutus. Lepidus agrees that his brother can be killed as long as Antony agrees for his nephew to be killed. , In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). He secured Caesar’s appointment as dictator, a position Caesar used to get himself elected as Consul, resigning the dictatorship after eleven days. Antony declares Lepidus “a barren-spirited fellow, one that feeds / On objects, arts, and imitations”; he reproaches Octavius, saying, “Do not talk of him / But as a property,” that is, as a mere instrument for the furtherance of their own goals (IV.i. Exit LEPIDUS. Please view our Lepidus' forces were defeated in a battle near the Milvian Bridge and as a result his rebellion failed. Licinianus wrote: "The inhabitants of Faesulae broke into the strongholds of the veterans. Lepidus joined the Caesarian side during the Civil War (49–45) between Caesar and the adherents of Pompey. ANTONY This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit, The three-fold world divided, he should stand " He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. Write. LEPIDUS What, shall I find you here? Why do they want Caesar's will? , Appian wrote that there was a conflict between the two consuls and their two factions (the Sullans and the Marians), and that the senate was afraid of both factions. Lepidus joined the College of Pontiffs as a child. 3 Educator answers. Brutus received a cavalry escort and withdrew to Regium Lepidi, a small town by the River Po, where he started to whip up further support for Lepidus. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. Learn. Dio wrote that “She, the mother-in‑law of Octavian and wife of Antony, had no respect for Lepidus because of his slothfulness, and managed affairs herself, so that neither the senate nor the people transacted any business contrary to her pleasure.”. What is the relationship among Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus in Julius Caesar? They persuaded Pompey, who had several legions' worth of veterans in Picenum (in the north-east of Italy) ready to take up arms at his command, to join their cause. Mark Antony and the other Caesar supporters take up the cause of avenging Caesar's assassination. However, Cassius Dio hints that Lepidus helped Paullus to escape. Flashcards. Lepidus had been the first to land troops in Sicily and had captured several of the main towns. According to Cassius Dio, while Mark Antony and Octavian were away from Rome fighting Brutus and Cassius, Lepidus was nominally in control of the city, but Mark Antony’s wife Fulvia was the real power. The brief alliance in power of Caesar and Lepidus came to a sudden end when Caesar was assassinated on March 15 44 BC (the Ides of March). Afterwards, Octavius took the name Gaius Julius Caesar and was called Octavianus. "QFG:COF" However, he refused to restore the power of the plebeian tribunes which had been curbed by Sulla's laws (see article on Sulla). Actually understand Julius Caesar Act 4, Scene 1. However, the Periochae was a collection of very brief summaries of the contents of Livy's works and its editor might have missed references to Pompey out. ... Lepidus is a Senator of Rome. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger. Latest answer posted February 12, 2009 at 1:36:35 AM Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. They are marking off names of men who are condemned to death. Lepidus was sent to negotiate with him. OCTAVIUS Or here, or at the Capitol. In 37 BC the treaty of Tarentum formally renewed the Triumvirate for another five years. He drew his information from one of the speeches of Cicero. Caesar also made Lepidus magister equitum (“Master of the Horse”), effectively his deputy. Pompey, invested as a legate with propraetorial powers, quickly recruited an army from among his veterans and threatened Lepidus, who had marched his army to Rome, from the north. Lepidus also obtained the post of Pontifex Maximus. While in Spain Lepidus was called upon to act to quell a rebellion against Quintus Cassius Longinus, governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. Lucius Ampelius made a brief reference about this conflict in which he stated that Catulus ended the fight. While some scholars have endorsed this view, others argue that the evidence is insufficient to discount the distorting effects of propaganda by his opponents, principally Cicero and, later, Augustus. Lepidus agrees, on the condition that Mark Antony's nephew is also killed for being involved in the assassination. Laura Knight-Jadczyk He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Spain, and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. In 36 BC, during the Sicilian revolt, Lepidus raised a large army of 14 legions to help subdue Sextus Pompey. As soon as Lepidus has gone, Antony begins to talk trash about him. He was the son of a prominent politician (d. c. 77 bc) of the same name. He typically appears as a marginalised figure in depictions of the events of the era, most notably in Shakespeare’s plays. A distant relative of Julius Caesar who is collaborating with Antony and Lepidus for the takeover of Rome. Lepidus continued to assure the Senate of his loyalty, but engaged in negotiations with Antony.  Brutus eventually surrendered. Lepidus and Antony both spoke in the Senate the following day, accepting an amnesty for the assassins in return for preservation of their offices and Caesar’s reforms. This remarkable volte-face had been designed by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, like Antony a former general in Caesar's army. Lepidus was expelled from Italy and went to Sardinia. Created by. Lepidus had a large force because many people had joined him as they hated Sulla's regime. , Lepidus was elected consul for the year 78 BC. Credits By becoming pontifex maximus and triumvir he had gained a level of recognition that would preserve his name and save a very small niche for him in the history of western civilization. Read every line of Shakespeare’s original text alongside a modern English translation. Alain Gowing has also argued that his actions in Sicily, though “futile”, were no more than an “attempt to regain a position from which he had been unfairly thrust.”.  We do not know when this happened. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house. Antony claims allegiance to Brutus and the conspirators after Caesar’s … But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine : How to cut off some charge in legacies. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? Lepidus prevaricated, recommending negotiation with Antony. Lepidus realised that in the following year his oath not to make war on the Sullans would no longer be valid because it was considered that it was binding only during the term of office (which lasted only one year). ) Lepidus was defeated in a battle at the Milvian bridge and then declared an enemy of the senate. Terms in this set (54) How does Antony react to the suggestion that his nephew Publius should be killed? Such a demand would destabilise Rome. He agrees. Later historians were particularly critical of him for agreeing to the death of his brother Lucius Paullus, a supporter of Cicero. Why does Antony send Lepidus to Caesar's house to get the will? Mark Antony. PLAY. Granius Licinianus wrote that Lepidus passed a corn law without opposition (it provided a corn allowance of five modii for the people) and made many other promises: to recall the exiles, to rescind the acts of Sulla, and to restore to its owners the land which had been used for military colonies. Florus thought that this would have been fair if he had done this without destabilising Rome. Lepidus was among Julius Caesar's greatest supporters.  The colony Sulla established in Etruria was at Faesulae. His wife Junia was, however, implicated. What is ironic about this? During these operations, Lepidus then fell ill and died. Julius Caesar - Act IV. ", In one of the fragments of the work of Sallust which have survived, he wrote that there were suspicions that Lepidus was stirring Etruria to revolt and in another passage he mentioned a Tuscan (Etruscan) conspiracy.