The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan [2] [3] At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. 47 miles long Glacier Situated in the Northeast of Karakoram range in the Himalayas. “India forcibly occupied Siachen Glacier and it is a disputed area. Located at 12000 Ft, the highest battlefield in the world welcomes you to the base camp to the Siachen Glacier. There is concern that after India withdraws its troops from the Siachen, Pakistan would send its soldiers to occupy it. This fortified sand barrier dividing a contested territory is the longest minefield in the world. The Indian Army Captured this battlefield in 1984 through Operation Meghdoot. Will New Delhi look to bring peace to Kashmir by accepting the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor? “No amount of concentration of forces in those areas can help India deter the so-called Chinese designs in the greater Karakoram region,” he said. The Siachen Glacier is perhaps one of the known battlefields because of the Siachen War between India and Pakistan. Hence, A … Despite attempts at finally ending this uneasy status quo, both sides still maintain a presence of about 3,000 troops each. Siachen Glacier - The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains just north-east of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. Enjoying this article? At 78 km long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. Located close to the Indo-Pak Line of Control (LOC), Siachen Glacier is at an elevation of approximately 18, 875 feet (5,753 m) above the sea level. And despite a ceasefire in 2003, tensions remain high on the world’s highest battleground. © 2020 Atlas Obscura. Glaciers can merge together like rivers, and that is the case here. The Siachen hospital which is located at Hunder near Pratappur provides medical cover not only to the soldiers deployed on the glacier but also to the local population and a large number of tourists travelling through the Nubra Valley, a senior Army officer said. T h e S i a c h e n G l a c i e r. For more than 17 blustery, shivering years, the Indian and Pakistani armies have been fighting a "No-Win" war on the 20,000-foot-high Siachen Glacier… “Withdrawal from these strategic heights without any iron clad guarantees that do not extend beyond declarations of intent would be the height of folly,” warns Vikram Sood, a former chief of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW). But the same outfitter also supplied the Indians. That perception changed a few years later. This culminated in a peace agreement and an end to the armed conflict. Will a Biden administration renew attention on Southeast Asia? Follow us on social media to add even more wonder to your day. Consider supporting our work by becoming a member for as little as $5 a month. In the wake of the recent tragedy, calls to demilitarize the Siachen have grown in India, as they did in Pakistan in 2012 when an avalanche engulfed its Gayari military base, killing 129 Pakistani soldiers and 11 civilian contractors. A lone historical marker off the highway and scattered debris are all that remain of this Cold War-era missile site. Please click below to consent to the use of this technology while browsing our site. The Cold And Harsh Siachen Glacier. The Siachen Glacier is located in Northern Ladakh in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. But from the 2003 ceasefire up until the present day, things remained much as they had before, with India in control of the Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and ridges of the Saltoro Ridge. The Himalaya known as “Abode of the Gods” is situated to the north of Pakistan and extended towards China and India. The problem of the Siachen glacier arose because the ceasefire line (later termed the Line of Control) was not delineated beyond map point NJ 9842. A Pakistani Army officer sits at a military outpost on the Siachen Glacier. Over 3 miles up in the Himalayas this pass is one of the highest drivable roads in the world. Located in the eastern Karakoram range, the Siachen glacier is a source of freshwater supply for both India and Pakistan. The Siachen Glacier is located near Indo-Pak Line of Control. No purchase necessary. However, would Pakistan agree to authenticate and demarcate existing ground positions on maps? Siachen glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas, is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 18,000 ft above sea level. Such calls for demilitarization evoke alarm in India’s military and intelligence establishment. The same tsunami opened space for co-operation between the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam and the Sri Lankan government, an opportunity that both sides rejected. The contended area is nearly 1,000 square miles (2,600 km 2) of territory. Siachen glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas, is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 18,000 ft above sea level. In 2011, India’s then Air Chief Marshall P V Naik, for instance, said that the demarcated AGPL should be “internationally approved.”. The 75-km long Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. A fatal avalanche at Siachen Glacier in September 2012 (with Pakistani flag on top of debris). for Us, all its tributary glaciers and key passes as well as the Soltoro Ridge. To be specific it is located in Baltistan Division of Gilgit-Baltistan , administered by Gov of Pakistan. It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world’s non-polar areas. It is known as the highest battlefield in the world. [4] Since then, both countries have deployed soldiers in the area, India’s on the Siachen and the Soltoro and Pakistan’s at much lower altitudes and some distance away from the glacier. A nine-judge panel agreed with the army that retired senior officers such as Prayut are allowed to stay in army housing in recognition of their service. That led to an escalation in the fighting. [1] known as “Abode of the Gods”- is situated Siachen glacier is located near to which of the following valley? See. Even if deployment is costly, they argue, no cost is too great if it is to defend the country’s sovereignty, especially since the Siachen plays a key role in India’s forward defense. 15 Crazy Facts About The Siachen Glacier That Will Make You Love Our Soldiers Even More. As for fatalities, most have been due to severe conditions on the high-altitude glacier (its highest point sits at about 18,875 feet above sea level). Siachen Glacier is situated to the North of Nubra Valley . © 2020 Diplomat Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. That agreement described the Ceasefire Line in Kashmir as running up to map coordinate NJ 9842 and “… thence north to the glaciers.” Under the 1972 Simla Agreement, the Ceasefire Line was converted into the LoC but the fuzziness of the boundary beyond NJ 9842 was not addressed. It originates from the SiaKangri in the Karakoram Range and is approximately 72 Km in length. Disputed islands, urban exclaves, and twists of geopolitics. The chances of a human body to develop blood clots is 100 times higher in Siachen than on sea level. When the Pakistan forces arrived, the Indians had already captured the heights of Saltoro. Every weekday we compile our most wondrous stories and deliver them straight to you. Use code WONDER20 for 20% off all online experiences! It is the longest glacier in the Karakoram … The military presence has also put rare species at risk, including snow leopards, brown bears, and ibex, who called the Siachen Glacier home long before the arrival of the two rival nations. By the 2003 ceasefire, around 2,000 men had died, most of them from frostbite, avalanches, and other effects of the extreme environment, rather than from actual fighting. Winner will be selected at random on 01/01/2021. Three AI-related technologies that could further the free, open, resilient, and inclusive character of the Indo-Pacific. After nearly three months, the Afghan government and the Taliban have reportedly agreed on a three-page document setting out the rules and procedures for talks. The Siachen Glaciers, known as the world's highest battlefield, are located in the eastern Karakoram mountain range in the Himalayas, huddled next to the borders of Pakistan, India, and China. The two countries base their claims over the glacier on different interpretation of the words “… thence north to the glaciers” in the 1949 and 1972 Agreements. (a) Hispar (b) Baltoro (c) Siachen (d) Batura . It is one of the largest glaciers in the Karakoram and the longest glacier in the Karakoram Range. The Indian Army’s Siachen base camp is where soldiers receive training for three months. Just $5 a month. It originates from the SiaKangri in the Karakoram Range and is approximately 72 Km in length. Australia is well-positioned to help roll-out a COVID-19 vaccine across the Pacific and Southeast Asia; India’s vaccine manufacturing capability would be a huge boost to that effort. It is the world’s longest mountain glacier. Temperatures here plunge to minus 40 degrees and blizzards whip up winds of speeds in excess of 300 km per hour. NATO members, along with Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and South Korea, gathered virtually to discuss the rise of China. Siachen Glacier. The Siachen conflict, sometimes referred to as the Siachen War, was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir.A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. It is Also, you can say this is located on the Line of Control between Pakistan and India. Does Pakistan continue to detain POWs from the war? Siachen Glacier, one of the longest mountain glaciers in the world, and is strategically situated near the established border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir's Karakoram Range. Get briefed on the story of the week, and developing stories to watch across the Asia-Pacific. The Army has made bringing down waste a part of the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for troops under the concept of waste management because in the high altitude areas of 18,000 to 21,000 feet nothing degrades at sub-zero temperatures. The Siachen glacier, located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalaya Mountains, is known as the highest battlefield in world. Additionally, its control of Saltoro gives India the “tactical advantage of dominating height.” Sitting at much lower altitudes, Pakistani soldiers are completely “shut off from a view of the Siachen Glacier” and are thus at a “severe tactical disadvantage” all along the AGPL. Siachen healer hospital gets oxygen plant. Siachen Glacier The Siachen Glacier is located in the East Karakoram Himalaya, at approximately 35.5° N 76.9° E. It is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 5,400 meters above sea level. To learn more or withdraw consent, please visit our cookie policy. The average elevation of Siachen Glacier from sea level is approximately 17,770 feet.The Siachen Glacieris known as … A grassroots collection showcasing personal objects of family members separated by the post-1971 border between India and Pakistan. At 70 km (43 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in th This striking icon of the disputed Republic of Artsakh caused a stir at a Eurovision Song Contest. The high human, financial and material costs of maintaining soldiers in the Siachen area have prompted calls for a demilitarization of the glacier. Long stints in forward areas with treacherous snow bound crags, deadly crevasses,… The Siachen Glacier is located in the Eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas, just northeast of Point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. The glacier’s central region is covered with snow, and that snow and the rest of the glacier’s icy surface appear white. But thanks to the previously obtained intelligence, India launched Operation Meghdoot just 48 hours before the Pakistani assault. Siachen Glacier, one of the world’s longest mountain glaciers, lying in the Karakoram Range system of Kashmir near the India–Pakistan border, extending for 44 mi (70 km) from north-northwest to south-southeast. Since 1984, Indian and Pakistani forces have been occupying posts on or near the Siachen Glacier, a 47-mile-long glacier in the Himalayas. A chapter from Nitin A. Gokhale's new book on the Siachen Glacier conflict between India and Pakistan. Anticipating a Pakistani occupation of the Siachen, India sought to preempt it and in April 1984 landed two platoons of soldiers on the Bilafond La and Sia La, two key passes on the Saltoro Ridge. It lies to the north of Point NJ 9842, where the Line of Control (LoC) between India and Pakistan ends. The entire Siachen Glacier, with all major passes, is currently under the administration of India since 1984 (Operation Meghdoot). Villagers living near the Line of Control in Kashmir are bearing the brunt of a recent uptick in shelling. The glacier is situated at an altitude of above 18,000 feet, and the temperature can go down to -70°C. It is the second largest glacier with average elevation of 17,770 feet above the sea level. Pakistan, meanwhile, holds posts at lower elevations along the spurs of the Saltoro ridgeline. It has not succeeded. India argues that from NJ 9842, the boundary line should run through the nearest watershed, the Saltoro Ridge, which means that the glacier is rightfully India’s. Its control of the heights gives India “neither offensive nor defensive advantage,” Happymon Jacob, associate professor at the Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi and author of Kashmir and Indo-Pak Relations: Politics of Reconciliation, told The Diplomat. With Pakistan’s access to the Saichen blocked, India established control not only over the glacier but over all its tributary glaciers and key passes as well as the Soltoro Ridge that lies to the glacier’s west. Then, in 1983, India began receiving intelligence reports warning of an imminent Pakistani incursion into the region, and a potential assault on the Saltoro Ridge, a strategic location on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. However, some part of this glacier is towards Laddakh India. However, it is also the location for the highest battlefield. Besides, it learned that Pakistan was permitting Western mountaineers access to the Siachen and the ridges flanking it, quietly establishing its claim over the area. It has retreated significantly in the last 30 years, partly as a result of waste dumping by both sides. The Indian Army’s Siachen base camp is where soldiers receive training for three months. Protest groups change venue to keep the peace as authorities resurrect the notorious Article 112. Explanation: The Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range in the Himalayas where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan ends. Name the highest glacier of Pakistan? Located at 12000 Ft, the highest battlefield in the world welcomes you to the base camp to the Siachen Glacier. She writes on South Asian political and security issues and can be contacted at [email protected]. Pakistan was indeed planning to launch a strike, but it made a bizarre error. Siachen Glacier is a Glacier located in the Khaplu Ghanche district of Baltistan division, Gilgit Baltistan. Siachen Glacier The Siachen Glacier is located in the East Karakoram Himalaya, at approximately 35.5° N 76.9° E. It is one of the five largest glaciers in the Karakoram, situated at an average altitude of 5,400 meters above sea level. The Siachen hospital which is located at Hunder near Pratappur provides medical cover not only to the soldiers deployed on the glacier but also to the local population and a large number of tourists travelling through the Nubra Valley, a senior Army officer said. They might also end up stationed at the world’s highest military base, which sits on a ridge up above the glacier at an altitude of around 19,685 feet. Siachen is situated on that unique mountain environment. India concluded that Pakistan was resorting to cartographic invasion and oropolitics to bolster its claims over the Siachen. “Pakistan had proposed to demilitarise Siachen a few years back but the country cannot be trusted. The Siachen Glacier is located in Northern Ladakh in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. Soldiers sent to Siachen know they’ll be serving in a bitter and inhospitable environment. In other words, the Siachen Glacier was appearing in maps as part of Pakistani territory. Most of the Siachen Glacier is a hotly contested territory between Pakistan and India. In October 2019, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh announced opening of the Glacier from Siachen base camp to Kumar Post for tourism purposes. Wei Fenghe's visit has predictably led Indian analysts to claim that he had India in mind. It has triggered discussion in India over the strategic value of the Siachen and whether India needs to continue its deployment of soldiers at its icy heights. The Indian Army Captured this battlefield in 1984 through Operation Meghdoot. Several tributary rivers of ice flow together, such as the Lolofond and Teram Shehr glaciers, adding their ice to the Siachen Glacier … Siachen is the world's largest non-polar glacier, and thus is sometimes referred to as the third pole. Us, Write The 75-km long Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. Follow us on Twitter to get the latest on the world's hidden wonders. It is situated in between Pak-India “Line of control”. “So inhospitable is the terrain of the Siachen Glacier that even as late as 1972 neither India nor Pakistan thought it necessary to clarify the boundary here,” a major-general of the Indian Army told The Diplomat. What should South Asian states expect from the United States under Joe Biden? https://www.siachen.com/siachen-glacier-its-significance-to-india The “combined impact of high altitude and cripplingly cold weather” causes severe depression, hallucination, memory loss, blurred speech, frost bite, pulmonary and cerebral edema, and even death. A mighty … The place that allegedly inspired James Hilton's depiction of Shangri-La. On the morning of February 3, an avalanche hurtled down this icy wasteland, swallowing an Indian military post and claiming the lives of ten soldiers. Long stints in forward areas with treacherous snow bound crags, deadly crevasses,… They point to improved living conditions for soldiers stationed there and a drop in fatalities in recent years. … The Siachen Glacier is located in Northern Ladakh in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. How will U.S. President-elect Joe Biden manage the U.S.-China relationship? With more than 200 newly confirmed cases per day recently, Seoul has strengthened social distancing yet again. The 75-km long Siachen Glacier is located in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. By offering condolences for Khadim Hussain Rizvi’s death, is the TTP planning to expand its influence into the political realm? This abandoned palace and the stupas around it conceal beautiful Buddhist frescoes, statues, and silk paintings. October 04, 2019 9:53 pm. The Siachen Glacier is a glacier located in the eastern Karakoram range in the Himalayas at about 35°25′16″N 77°06′34″E  /  35.421226°N 77.109540°E  / , just northeast of the point NJ9842 where the Line of Control between India and Pakistan At 76 km (47 mi) long, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and second-longest in the world's non-polar areas. But sections of India’s strategic community are opposed to India pulling out of the Siachen. It has a number of fast-flowing surface streams and at least 12 medial moraines. “Nor can it be used to stage any offensive military operations against either Pakistan or China.” Consequently, the advantage that accrues to India from its control of the Siachen is “mostly symbolic and political, not strategic or military.”. The families think so. A) Nubra Valley: B) Doon Valley: C) Silent Valley: D) Neelam Valley: Correct Answer: A) Nubra Valley: Part of solved SSC CAPF SI Exam questions and answers : Exams >> SSC Exams >> SSC CAPF SI Exam. Atlas Obscura and our trusted partners use technology such as cookies on our website to personalise ads, support social media features, and analyse our traffic. The roots of the conflict over the Siachen lie in the ambiguous text of the 1949 Karachi Agreement that ended the 1947-48 India-Pakistan war over Kashmir. The latest tragedy has triggered debate over the need to station soldiers on the icy heights. All rights reserved. In the late 1970s India woke up to the fact that publications abroad, including U.S. government documents, were carrying maps that showed the LoC extending northeast from NJ 9842 to the Karakoram Pass. 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A) Nubra Valley: B) Doon Valley: C) Silent Valley: D) Neelam Valley: Correct Answer: A) Nubra Valley: Part of solved SSC CAPF SI Exam questions and answers : Exams >> SSC Exams >> SSC CAPF SI Exam. Like Atlas Obscura and get our latest and greatest stories in your Facebook feed. October 04, 2019 9:53 pm. The tragedy has drawn public attention to the extreme weather and hostile terrain that soldiers contend with daily at these icy heights. The line between the two nations was demarcated up to point NJ9842 at the foot of the Siachen Glacier, in the extreme north of both countries. Other records created by this strange conflict include the world’s highest helipad and the world’s highest telephone booth, both installed on the glacier by India. The Siachen Glacier is located in Northern Ladakh in the eastern Karakoram Range of the Himalayas. It “serves as a wedge” between Baltistan in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir and the Shaksgam Valley that Pakistan illegally ceded to China; India’s control of the glacier prevents China and Pakistan from “militarily linking up.” Besides, the Saltoro and Siachen give India “the much needed depth to important mountain passes that are the gateways to Ladakh and Kashmir.” If Indian troops pull out of the Siachen, the major-general warns, “Ladakh would be exposed to a Sino-Pakistan pincer attack.”.